Mining You Can Trust
The gold industry faces the responsibility with the application of the International Due Diligence regulations, such as the EU Conflict Minerals Regulations, the OECD Due Diligence Guidance, the US Dodd-Frank Act, National Action Plans on Business and Human Rights and the due diligence laws in particular national legislations. The implementation of due diligence protocols implies energies, efforts and resources. However, there exists an opportunity to transform those efforts into positive outcomes because the industry can engage with the most vulnerable group in the supply chain: artisanal and small-scale miners.
Although artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is associated with highs risks and some challenges, there is a window to convert the due diligence process into a tool for development using the Code of Risk-mitigation for ASM engaging in Formal Trade – CRAFT. The industry plays a key role to engage with the sector and to support their formalisation’s process, respecting human rights in mining communities and committing to the improvement of the conditions of the sector.
Due to the need to have a common understanding about how to apply due diligence in ASM, the Alliance for Responsible Mining (ARM) and RESOLVE (with the participation of a coalition of supply chain actors and experts) developed the CRAFT v 1.0 in 2018 with the support of European Partnership for Responsible Minerals (EPRM). Now, CRAFT shows there is a way that the industry engage with ASM. CRAFT is a standard to engage with MINING YOU CAN TRUST.
The CRAFT criteria
CRAFT offers a set of requirements with guidance for the application of each criterion.
Module 1: Adopting a Management System. This includes the basic elements to create a management system for artisanal and small-scale mining, such as a description of the operation and members, the responsible person, or the complaints point of contact.
Module 2: Legitimacy as a condition of engagement (OECD). It offers 4 country context scenarios (ASM legislations, enforcement, state commercialisation).
Module 3: OECD Annex II – immediate disengagement risks. The Module has pass/fail criteria. It covers the following set of risks:
- Forced labour
- Worst forms of child labour
- Gross human rights violations
- War crimes
- Support to non-state armed forces
Module 4: OECD Annex II – risks requiring mitigation. The Module has pass/fail and progress criteria. It covers the following set of risks:
- Involvement of public and private security forces
- Money laundering
- Bribery/fraudulent representation of the origin
- Non-payment of taxes, fees, royalties
Module 5: High risks beyond OECD DDG Annex II which are aspirational, and the adoption depends on priorities. The set of elements are not an impediment to access formal markets, but it marks other step by step improvements. Module 5 has only pass or progress criteria, of risks being controlled or mitigation in progress.
- Health and safety
- Child labour
- Women’s rights
- Land & mineral rights + formalisation
- Peaceful coexistence
- Organisation strengthening
- Environmental mitigation: Minamata + water
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