LBMA has long supported the formalisation and legitimation of the global artisanal mining sector, as reflected by its inclusion among the key objectives of our current strategic plan. It was important to the LBMA Board to identify realistic and actionable ways that LBMA and Good Delivery List (GDL) refiners could better engage and support the Artisanal and Small-scale Mining (ASM) sector – an industry that contributes to an estimated 40 million direct and indirect jobs worldwide and represents as much as 20% of annual gold production.