The unit of measure for data in the following tables is kgs.

The matrices show the gold and silver flows from the Country of Origin to the Country/Region of Destination. Country of Origin data is by individual countries and type of material.

Country of Destination information is broken down to individual countries when there are four or more Refiners in one country.

LBMA recognises that the published numbers emanate from a large and diverse dataset. We endeavour to ensure accuracy; however, we welcome any corrections or clarifications. The numbers are, therefore, subject to change.